The Political Theory
- The main goal of this course is to introduce students to the concepts and authors of the contemporary political theory, grounding students in several national theoretical traditions and encouraging them to produce analysis beyond the nation-states centered paradigm.
- Introduction: thinking politically in different waysPolitical Philosophy, Political Theory and Normative thinking. An overview of main perspectives: Analytical Political Philosophy and The Continental Tradition. Six features of “political thinking” according to M.Freeden.
- PowerThe general Concept of Power. Power, authority and leadership. Anthropological pedigree of power. Theories of political power. Measuring Power. The Forms of Power. Power as sacral and symbolic. M.Weber on power. Energy theory of power.
- Theories of political violence, enemies and Just WarThe image of the “enemy”. Nationalist Violence. Violence as cultural difference. Group competition theory. Relative deprivation theory. The rational choice theory. Gender theory. Modernity theory. Securitization theory. “Banality of evil” by H.Arendt. J.B.Elshtain on “just wars” in the 20 and 21 century.
- Sovereignty and StateThe Westphalian sovereignty. C. Schmitt on sovereignty and exceptionalism. Sovereignty as state centered political order. Sovereignty as a social construct. Sovereignty as a symbolic form. Sovereignty as ‘fantasy’. Sovereignty and humanitarian military intervention.
- ModernityModernity as Experience and Interpretation (P.Wagner). Modernity and autonomy. Multiple Modernities and the problem of justice and world order. Alternative Modernities.
- Identity and ontological securityIdentity and identification. Why political identification is inevitable. Elements and models of political identification. Beyond the constructed “identity”. R.Lebow and psychological approach to political identities. Identity and Sovereignty. Theories of ontological security. Identity and existential anxiety.
- Nation, Nationalism and patriotismTheories of nationalism. The political nature of the states of modernity (C. Tilly). Intellectual culture (E. Kedourie). Cultural communication (B. Anderson). Industrial achievements and the economy (E. Gellner). Cultural myths and historical memory (E. Smith). Types of patriotism.
- MulticulturalismMulticulturalism as an ideology (from past to present). Multicultural policies. Seven contexts for understanding multiculturalism. Cases of multiculturalism by countries. Criticism of multiculturalism.
- Cosmopolis and transnationalism“Thin” and “Thick” cosmopolitanisms (D.Held and M.Nussbaum). Critique of cosmopolitanism. Transnational identity. Cultural pluralism. Hybridity. Syncretism. Diffusion. Creolization. Diasporic identity. Postnationalism.
- Social fact and constructivismConstructivism and its view of politics. Main representatives of constructivism in political and IR theory. Social construction of reality: agency – structure problem. Pierre Bourdieu on symbolic capital, habitus, and symbolic violence. J.Baudrillard on simulacra and simulation in construction of reality through mass media.
- Gender and feminismLiberal feminism. Radical Feminism. Feminist postmodernists. Development of feminism in USA (J.Butler) and France (“ecriture feminine”). Feminist IR and postcolonial feminism.
- Discourse and poststructuralismStructuralism is an intellectual movement (F. de Saussure and C.Lévi-Strauss). Deconstruction. Intersexuality. Performativity. Post-modernism. Discourse and figures of authority (M.Foucault). Panopticon. Biopower. Governmentality.
- Hegemony and postcolonialismClassical concepts of postcolonialism. “Colonial discourse” theory. Intersectionality. Notion of “development”. Subaltern studies. Women and global nomadism.
- in-class participationSome of the seminars is devoted to group discussion or modelling of group decision making based on the concept that are studied in the classrom.
- Interim assessment (2 module)0.4 * essay + 0.4 * in-class participation + 0.2 * quiz
- Robert E. Goodin, & Philip Pettit. (2019). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology: Vol. Third edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Bell, D. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Political Studies Review, 12(1), 94–95. https://doi.org/10.1111/1478-9302.12041_11
- The Oxford handbook of political theory / ed. by John S. Dryzek . (2006). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.121392570