Ethnic Conflicts: Causes and Resolution
- The course aims to explore the variety of ethnic conflicts (mostly on the post-Soviet space) and eaplain the reasons for their onset and resolution
- Active participation in discussions on seminars Work with literature on the class
- Active participation in discussions on seminars, analysis of various cases
- Work with literature on the class and preparation of course-related texts
- Group work on seminars and preparation of course-related texts
- Sources and reasons for ethnic conflicts.What is accommodation of ethnicity? Language, national identity and assimilation as key issues. “Ethnic groups in conflict”. State nationalism vs. ethnic minorities. State capacity and nationalism
- What is an ethnic conflict?Nationalism and ethnicity. Why ethnicity and nationalism become the source of conflicts? Variation of ethnic conflicts/ tensions/ clashes/ wars.
- Genocide in RwandaThe reasons and causes of genocide in Rwanda. How to define a genocide and why genocides happen?
- Ethnic wars in Yugoslavia.The reasons of ethnic conflicts in Yugoslavia
- Ethnic conflicts on the post-Soviet space-1The Baltic states: why 'hot' conflict did not occur? Moldova&Transnistria: the reasons of ethnic violence. The status reversal: Russians beyond Russia.
- Ethnic conflicts on the post-Soviet space-2.The Caucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. The Karabakh conflict. The Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhazian conflicts
- Ethnic conflicts on the post-Soviet space-3The conflict in Chechnya. Why Russia lost the First Chechen war and won the Second one? Post-war reconstruction: acheivements and problems
- Resource curse and incidence of ethnic conflictsResource dependence as the reason for ethnic conflicts in Africa, Latin America and Asia.
- Multiculturalism, ethnic tolerance as policy goals: theory and practiceEthnic tolerance as a policy objective; zero-tolerance to ethnic discrimination. Ethnic discrimination. National and supra-national perspectives.
- Ethnic conflicts in the 21th century: prospects and potential for resolutionThe role of nation state, international community and NGOs .The “New wars” concept by Mary Kaldor
- participationAs the course is grounded on discussion of problems with no sole optimal solution, each student must take part in the discussions during seminars. The assessment of students` work is based on individual participation and individual oral presentations on the issues raised in the compulsory readings. Grading is based on answers to the instructor’s questions addressed to the audience and particular students; students’ questions to the instructor; discussions among students in smaller groups. Students are assessed for the quality of their arguments and ability to analyze critically the problem, engage with the arguments of the book, peers and the instructor, ability to find links between different parts of the course and its readings. Attendance is obligatory. Students must not skip classes without valid reason. If a student misses more than one class without a valid cause, he/she will be punished by reduction of his/her assessment by 5%.
- Mid-term examEach student will require writing a mid-term exam – a multiple-choice test, where he/she needs to identify essential names, dates, events related to ethnic conflicts (based on literature to the course)
- Final exam (essay)to pass exam each student has to submit an essay on the topic related to the course. The topic of an essay should be approved by instructor and submitted by student no later than two weeks before deadline.
- Interim assessment (3 module)0.4 * Final exam (essay) + 0.24 * Mid-term exam + 0.24 * participation + 0.12 * Quizzes
- Laitin, D. D. . (DE-588)122143310, (DE-576)164254927. (2007). Nations, states, and violence / David D. Laitin. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.266901123
- Laitin, D. D. (2007). Nations, States, and Violence. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=216029
- Brubaker, R., & Laitin, D. D. (1998). Ethnic and Nationalist Violence. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 423. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.423
- Clogg, R. (2008). The Politics of Identity in Post-Soviet Abkhazia: Managing Diversity and Unresolved Conflict. Nationalities Papers, 36(2), 305–329. https://doi.org/10.1080/00905990801934371
- Darden, K., & Mylonas, H. (2012). The Promethean Dilemma: Third-party State-building in Occupied Territories. Ethnopolitics, 11(1), 85–93. https://doi.org/10.1080/17449057.2011.596127
- Fearon, J. D., & Laitin, D. D. (2011). Sons of the Soil, Migrants, and Civil War. World Development, (2), 199. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.a.eee.wdevel.v39y2011i2p199.211
- Identities in between: political conflict and ethnonational identities in multicultural states. (n.d.). https://doi.org/10.25384/SAGE.6814907.v1
- Kamola, I. (2007). The global coffee economy and the production of genocide in Rwanda. Third World Quarterly, 28(3), 571–592. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590701192975
- Oberschall, A. (2000). The manipulation of ethnicity: from ethnic cooperation to violence and war in Yugoslavia. Ethnic & Racial Studies, 23(6), 982–1001. https://doi.org/10.1080/014198700750018388
- Pål Kolstø, Andrei Edemsky, & Natalya Kalashnikova. (1993). The Dniester conflict: Between irredentism and separatism. Europe-Asia Studies, (6), 973. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668139308412137
- Roland Hodler. (2006). The curse of natural resources in fractionalized countries. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.252805D
- Sharafutdinova, G. (2000). Chechnya Versus Tatarstan. Problems of Post-Communism, 47(2), 13. https://doi.org/10.1080/10758216.2000.11655873
- Vujacic, V. (1996). Historical legacies, nationalist mobilization, and political outcomes in Russia and Serbia: A Weberian view. Theory & Society, 25(6), 763–801. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=sih&AN=9710285467
- Yanagizawa-Drott, D. H. (2014). Propaganda and Conflict: Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide. https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qju020