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Бакалаврская программа «Социология и социальная информатика»

Philosophy

2019/2020
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
4
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс обязательный
Когда читается:
1-й курс, 1, 2 модуль

Преподаватель


Тискин Даниил Борисович

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The course offers an outlook of philosophy and its subdisciplines, such as ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics and political philosophy, through the lens of their major problems. The historical perspective enters the course via the viewpoints of major philosophical authorities of the past on the problems discussed, but the overall organisation of the course is problem-oriented rather than historical. Special attention is paid to philosophical method, which is taken to be grounded in conceptual analysis and thought experiment. The course includes the MOOC “Introduction to Philosophy”, https://www.coursera.org/learn/philosophy, as its integral part.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Understanding of the main features of philosophical inquiry and of its core problems
  • Knowledge of the most influential proposed solutions to the problems discussed
  • Ability critically to read and interpret philosophical texts, to explicate background assumptions and to compare different viewpoints
  • Academic writing and oral discussion skills
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Ability to learn and acquire new knowledge and skills, including in areas beyond his/her professional one
  • Ability to solve problems in professional practice based on analysis and synthesis
  • Ability to communicate efficiently based on communication goals and situations
  • Ability to carry out occupational or applied activities in the international environment
  • Ability to analyze socially significant problems and processes with impartiality and scientific objectivity
  • Ability to use basic laws of the humanitarian and socio-economic sciences to solve professional tasks
  • Ability to participate in analytical and consulting activities
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Introduction: Many Philosophies?
    Class 1 MOOC topics: “What is Philosophy?” (Week 1), Lessons 1–2. Discussion topics: philosophy as method and as lifestyle; philosophy vs. science vs. religion vs. art; the role of language and its analysis in philosophical inquiry; the main problems of philosophy; the continental and the analytical tradition in philosophy.
  • Ethics (and Ontology)
    Class 2 MOOC topics: “Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?” (Week 2), Lessons 1–2. Discussion topics: consequentialist vs. deontological ethics; moral realism and moral antirealism; facts vs. values.
  • Society and Justice
    Class 3 Discussion topics: distributive justice; rationality vs. sentiment as basis for justice.
  • The Constitution of Reality
    Class 4 Discussion topics: concreta vs. abstracta; universals vs. particulars; individuals vs. properties/relations; the explanatory role of abstract objects and universals and the worries of ontological minimalism.
  • Language as Image and as Instrument
    Class 5 Discussion topics: semantics as an exact discipline of science; reference; sense vs. denotation; descriptive vs. non-descriptive (imperative, interrogative, performative etc.) sentences; language games; the idea of meaning as use.
  • The Problems of Knowledge
    Class 6 MOOC topics: “What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?” (Week 2), Lesson 1. Discussion topics: sense data and external objects; causal vs. logical links; ways to define knowledge; the role of intuition in the arbitration between philosophical accounts.
  • Science: In Touch with Reality
    Class 7 MOOC topics: “What Is Philosophy?” (Week 1), Lesson 2 (video 2); “Are Scientific Theories True?” (Week 4), Lesson 1. Discussion topics: from phenomena to laws of nature; the problem of causation; fulfilling the task of “staying in touch with reality” via verifiablity or falsifiability.
  • Mind: The Hard Problem
    Class 8 MOOC topics: “Minds, Brains and Computers” (Week 4), Lesson 1. Discussion topics: qualia; epiphenomena; physicalism and functionalism vs. dualism vs. logical behaviourism.
  • Mind: We Thinkers
    Class 9 MOOC topics: “Minds, Brains and Computers” (Week 4), Lesson 2. Discussion topics: intentionality; intentional stance; the problems of agency and personal identity.
  • Free Will
    Class 10 MOOC topics: “Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter” (Week 5), Lessons 1–2. Discussion topics: determinism; the leeway left for indeterminism in the age of science; modern libertarianism; debates over the compatibility of free will and determinism; kinds of compatibilism
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking In-class performance
    Since in-class performance is evaluated every class on the basis of the students’ performance, in cases of documented absence the student will be allowed to submit a written discussion of the reading designated for the particular class.
  • non-blocking Essay1
  • non-blocking Essay2
  • non-blocking Exam
    Documented absence at the final exam may be compensated by taking the exam according to the usual requirements on the day designated by the study office.
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.15 * Essay1 + 0.15 * Essay2 + 0.4 * Exam + 0.3 * In-class performance
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Craig, E. (2005). The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=144847
  • Kenny, A. (2010). A New History of Western Philosophy. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=516790

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Jaworski, W. (2011). Philosophy of Mind : A Comprehensive Introduction. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=510161
  • McGinn, C. (2015). Philosophy of Language : The Classics Explained. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=956432
  • White, M. J. (2012). Political Philosophy : An Historical Introduction (Vol. 2nd ed). New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=469383