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Social and Economic Anthropology

2017/2018
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
3
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс обязательный
Когда читается:
2-й курс, 4 модуль

Преподаватель

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The course explores anthropological approaches to society, culture, history, and economy. Lectures, readings and films explore social and economic diversity through a range of themes: social organization, ideology, religion, exchange, subsistence, gender, land use, ethnicity, ethnic conflict, and local/global inter-relations.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • familiarizes students with some core concepts, methods, ideas and works, which constitute the academic field of social/cultural anthropology.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Familiarity with the main anthropological schools and the logic of development of anthropological theory
  • Understanding of ethnographic research method
  • Ability to apply conceptual tools of anthropology for studying basic problems of contemporary economic life
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • What is Anthropology?
    Introduction. Universality of humanity and cultural variation. Anthropology and its neighbors. Institualization of anthropology: departments, museums and journals.
  • Early history of Anthropology
    Colonial background. The White Man's Burden. Early Schools of Anthropology (Evolutionism, Diffusionism). Armchair Anthropology.
  • Going to the field
    Participant observation. Key concepts of anthropology: society, culture, context, holism, translation. Relativism and dangers of the normative approach. Functionalism: Malinowski and Radcliff-Brown
  • Economic from Anthropological Point of View
    Substantivists and formalists. Discussion of rationality of economical choice. M. Mauss: The Gift. Potlatch. Reciprocity. Inalienable possessions. М. Godelier. А. Weiner.
  • Economic Anthropology
    К. Polanyi. Modes of Exchange (Reciprocity, Redistribution, Market). M. Sahlins about the «Original Affluent Society».
  • Kinship, marriage and family
    Nuclear family and other forms of family. Custom of exogamy. Incest. C. Levi-Strauss: Elementary Structures of Kinship (1949). Marriage as reciprocity. Cross-cousin marriage.
  • Kinship as Descent
    Kinship systems: Classificatory and Descriptive. “Blood” and “Social” Kinship. Main Kinship Systems (Sudanese, Hawaiian, Eskimo, Iroquois). Localities and lineages.
  • Social Age and Gender
    Upbringing and coming of age. Initiation and rites de passage (A. van Gennep, V. Turner). Liminality
  • Political Anthropology
    Max Weber: forms of authority. Anthropological research in Africa, the 1940-60s. Acephalous societies. E. Evans-Pritchard. Political leadership in Melanesian and Polynesian societies (M. Sahlins).
  • Discussion on “Primitive Mentality”
    Early Evolutionists on “Primitive Mentality”. Evans-Pritchard on rationality and types of knowledge. Time, Space, Colours as cultural facts: Sapir-Whorf hypothesis on linguistic relativity.
  • Symbolic Anthropology and Classifications
    Primitive classifications (Mauss and Durkheim). Symbolic anthropology of Mary Douglas (Purity and Danger)
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking In-class Participation
  • non-blocking Test in the end of the course
  • non-blocking Exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.3 * Exam + 0.5 * In-class Participation + 0.2 * Test in the end of the course
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Eriksen, T. H. (2015). Small Places, Large Issues - Fourth Edition : An Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology (Vol. 4th ed). London: Pluto Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1057037

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Adams, C., & Thompson, T. L. (2016). Researching a Posthuman World : Interviews with Digital Objects. London: Palgrave Pivot. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1353895
  • Underberg, N. M., & Zorn, E. (2013). Digital Ethnography : Anthropology, Narrative, and New Media (Vol. 1st ed). Austin: University of Texas Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=548651