• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Modern Muslim Societies: Anthropology of Migration

2021/2022
Academic Year
ENG
Instruction in English
3
ECTS credits
Course type:
Elective course
When:
2 year, 1, 2 module

Instructor

Course Syllabus

Abstract

This discipline builds on previous courses on the development of Islamic thought and contemporary issues of Oriental studies (Islamic studies) and introduces new aspects of anthropology and sociology of Islam. It is at the junction of the anthropology of migration and the anthropology of Islam. The modern Muslim world is no longer limited to the Middle East, Maghreb, Pakistan, Central Asia, Indonesia and some other regions traditionally associated with Islamic culture. Muslim communities are found throughout the world, and in some Western countries constitute a significant portion of the population. A significant part of research on the anthropology of Islam is currently occupied by works devoted to Muslims in the West. There are several mainstream academic approaches that shape many modern studies of the anthropology of Islam in the West and are relevant for Russia as well. First, it is a rejection of generalization, the recognition of the Muslim space as religiously, socially and culturally heterogeneous, a shift in the scope of research towards the study and analysis of certain practices of individuals. Secondly, it is focusing on the personal experience of informants, their religious introspection and their own interpretations of Muslim and regional traditions and the relationship between the former and the latter. Migration, primarily from the countries of Central Asia, defines the modern Muslim space in Russia. This course focuses on the identity of Muslim migrants in Russia, in particular in Moscow, their religious beliefs and practices. The goals of mastering the discipline are to get an idea of how migration forms the modern Muslim space of Russia, what problems Muslim migrants face, what Muslim infrastructure appears in such migration magnets for the entire post-Soviet world as Moscow and Western Siberia.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • This discipline will allow students to master anthropological methodology and anthropological tools for the study of Muslim societies. This course will introduce students to contemporary English-language literature on the anthropology of Islam, the anthropology of religion, and the anthropology of migration.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Students must prove their knowledge of basic anthropological theories and notions.
  • Students must know basic theories of anthropology of migration, history of the discipline.
  • Students are required to know history of different waves and mobility in Russian Empire, Soviet Union
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • What does social anthropology study?
    Anthropological methodology, major theories and approaches. Interpretation, context, identity. Ethnic and religious identities.
  • Anthropology of migration.
    Classification of migration processes: seasonal, temporal, recurrent, continuous, permanent, conflict migration. Transnational prism in studying migration.
  • History of migration processes in Russia.
    Migration in imperial Russia, othodniki. Ethnic composition of Russian capitals (Moscow and St. Petersburg). Migration trends in Soviet Union. History of major Moscow ethnic communities.
  • Contemporary migration in Russia
    Migration processes in Russia. Internal and external migration. Internal migration from North Caucasus and external migration from Central Asian countries.
  • Anthropology of Religion
    Anthropological theory and method in studying religions. Historizing and problematizing. Holism, context, practice and relations of power.
  • Anthropology of Islam
    From studying Islam to studying Muslims. Identity, mobility and individualization.
  • Islam in the city
    Migrants’ Muslim infrastructure in Russian cities. Change of the urban religious landscape. Migration, urbanism and dynamics of religiosity.
  • Anthropology of Sufism
    Cult of the saints, globalization and local traditions. Transnational Sufi tariqas.
  • Religious Authority
    Religious and wider social practices of those Muslim migrants who, to varying extents, are considered leaders of local micro-communities, enjoy respect within their religious community, and have steadfast religious authority within their circles.
  • The Dynamics of Gender in Islam
    Hijab issues, Islamic feminism, Muslim gender studies.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking домашние задания
  • non-blocking домашние задания
  • non-blocking Attendance, participation
  • non-blocking One class presentation (format to be determined),
  • non-blocking One review paper
  • non-blocking One take home final essay exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.25 * Attendance, participation + 0.45 * One class presentation (format to be determined), + 0.15 * домашние задания + 0.15 * домашние задания
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • A companion to cognitive anthropology, Kronenfeld, D. B., 2011
  • Understanding Muslim identity : rethinking fundamentalism, Marranci, G., 2009

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • A new anthropology of Islam, Bowen, J. R., 2012