Nikolay Karamzin and the Red Army: February Anniversaries in the Richard Stites Memorial Historical Library
The Centre for Historical Research and the HSE in St Petersburg Bachelor's Programme 'History' carry on the joint students' project on promoting the Richard Stites Memorial Historical Library
February report from the Library by Yaroslava Alexandrova, Margarita Dudakova & Polina Raznotina. This time we are paying tribute to the very first publication of Nikolay Karamzin's classical "History of the Russian State" in February 1808, and the establishing of the Red Army in 1918 and hence the emergence of the yet celebrated "Defender of the Fatherland Day" (February 23).
Gary Marker, Publishing, Printing, and the Origins of Intellectual Life in Russia, 1700-1800. Princeton University Press, 1981
Gary Marker describes an effective public voice by political, Church, and literary elites in Russia as synonymous with the trol the printed media, showing that publishing and printing evolved in a way that sharply diverged from Western experiences but that proved to be highly significant for Russian society. Moving from control by Orthodox Church to government control and finally to control by elite scholastic institutions and private interests, printing and publishing by the end of the 1700s died a separation of intellectual and political life. A significant part of this text tell about the influence of Karamzin on Russia and its history.
Bernard Pares, A History of Russia, New York: Alfred A.Knopf, 1958
From the Russia of pre-history down through the famous and infamous tsars, through two world wars, Stalin, and the dawn of modern times, this single-volume history tours us in style through a vast, populous, and truly remarkable country. In this book we should give attention to the end of 18th century and the beginning of the 19th. It’s a period of a hard work of Karamzin to the wealth of Russia and its establishment on same level with advanced European countries.
February 23. People began to celebrate this date in the USSR. It should be noted that in its history the holiday has changed its name more than once. For example, since 1946 the date was called as " day of the Soviet Army and Navy»
History of the "February 23" begins with the adoption of a decree on the organization of the workers 'and peasants' army in 1918 (January 28) under the leadership of The Council of people's Commissars led by Lenin. We can say that initially, "February 23" is a celebration of the creation of the Red Army.