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# Logic

2020/2021
ENG
Instruction in English
4
ECTS credits
Course type:
Elective course
When:
4 year, 3 module

Levin, Sergei

### Course Syllabus

#### Abstract

The purpose of this course is to study logic. Logic may be defined as the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates arguments. All of us encounter arguments in our day-to-day experience. We read them in books and newspapers, hear them on television, and formulate them when communicating with friends and associates. The aim of logic is to develop a system of methods and principles that we may use as criteria for evaluating the arguments of others and as guides in constructing arguments of our own. MOOC for the course https://www.coursera.org/learn/understanding-arguments

#### Learning Objectives

• The primary goal of this course is to introduce students to a system of methods and principles to use as criteria for evaluating the arguments of others to guide us in constructing arguments of our own. The second goal is to develop students’ abilities to think critically about their beliefs.

#### Expected Learning Outcomes

• Students will evaluate the logic and validity of arguments, and the relevance of data and information.
• Students will explain and apply the basic concepts essential to a critical examination and evaluation of argumentative discourse.
• Students will recognize and avoid common logical and rhetorical fallacies.
• Define the elements of propositional logic: statements and operations, including implication, and its converse, inverse, and negation.
• On successful completion of the course unit, the students will appreciate how arguments involving predicates can be formalized semantically and syntactically and how these are connected.
• Students will synthesize information in order to arrive at reasoned conclusions.
• Students will learn the key concepts of inductive logic, the criteria of strength and the main forms of inductive reasoning.

#### Course Contents

• Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions
• Informal Fallacies
• Predicate Logic
• Propositional Logic
• Inductive reasoning

#### Assessment Elements

• Test
There will be two mid-term tests on Schoology.com during the time of the lectures. Each test would last 30 minutes and contain 15 questions.
• Writing assignments
For each seminar, you can earn points by completing the small writing assignments before the seminars and at the seminars. The tasks you will see in Schoology. There is a deadline for your answers, which will be the end of two days before the seminar. For example, if your seminar is scheduled on 15th April, the deadline for uploading a homework is 13th April, 23:55.
• Final exam
The final test will be held at Schoology at the end of the course. It lasts 40 minutes and contains 40 questions.

#### Interim Assessment

• Interim assessment (3 module)
0.25*Tests+0.25*Writing assignments+0.5*Exam

#### Recommended Core Bibliography

• Gensler, Harry J. Introduction to Logic, Taylor & Francis Group, 2010.