Majority-minority relations in the transition from empires to nation-states
The project brings together researchers from the University of Eastern Finland, The Higher School of Economics, St Petersburg, Russia and the University of Göttingen in Germany. The overall aim is to examine in a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective the governance of ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity at times of transition from Imperial to nation-state political formations in Eurasia. Domestic and international influences on conceptions of the status of minorities will be examined as well as actual legal implementation of those concepts. From close analysis of the situation at the end of Empire, the consortium will be able to make comparisons and draw conclusions as to the influence of earlier developments on the situation of minorities in post-Imperial contexts.
The project’s research design is comparative. Systematic comparisons will be made across Empires, across historical time and across markers of cultural boundaries. The Russian Empire in the early twentieth century and the Soviet Union in the late 1980s make up the core case studies. These will be supplemented for comparative purposes by involving scholars of the Ottoman, Habsburg and British Empires, for example. International documents including those associated with the Versailles process, the League of Nations, United Nations, and the Helsinki Final Act as well as the monitoring mechanisms attached to them will also be included. Methodical analysis of historical approaches to conflicts over minorities in terms of language, religion, ethnic and cultural identity at times of intense political change will be used to inform our understanding of current conflicts over the status of minorities. The collaborative research project will thus not only facilitate capacity-building and international cooperation between high profile research institutions, it will also provide background knowledge for key issues of public policy making in the contemporary period.
On September 5, the first seminar in this academic year, “The Shifting Identities of Russian Repatriates from China Before and After the Collapse of the Soviet Union,” was held as part of the “Boundaries of History” program. Laurie Manchester from Arizona State University, USA, spoke to students and professors.
On June 3-4, 2019 at Helsinki was held a conference "Versailles and Rights: A Centenary Appraisal" organized in frames of the research project "Post-imperial diversities: Majority-minority relations in the transition from empires to nation-states" together with the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies.
On June 13, 2019 Department of History and the Center for Historical Research at the HSE in St Petersburg had a session of the “Boundaries of History” research seminar where Dr. Sabine Dullin, Professor in Contemporary History at Sciences Po (Institut d’études politiques) and the author of the book “Men of Influence: Stalin's Diplomats in Europe, 1930-1939” presented the talk “Soviet Borders as thickening zones. The political imagination and practices of an old but new state (1917-1940)”.
The study of professor Marzec and his colleagues is unique in its interdisciplinary approach, seeking to stretch the bridge between history, cultural studies and sociology. The book “From Cotton Smoke: Lodz – Industrial City and Discourses of Asynchronous Modernity, 1897-1994” is a tangible contribution to urban research and the study of modernity.
On February 15, 2019 the Center for Historical Research at the HSE in St Petersburg hosted an ERA.Net research seminar. Etienne Peyrat (Sciences Po Lille) presented his talk "Imperial transition and regional integration in the South Caucasus (1900s-1930s)".
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