Social Structure and Social Stratification
- be able to select optimal indicators to study inequality
- be able to choose appropriate theoretical concepts to describe real-world manifestations of social inequality
- be able to produce coherent explanations of the mechanisms behind stratification systems
- be able to use theoretical models to interpret the results of empirical research
- Categories of Social StructureLecture 1. Categories of Social Structure Studies Inequality. Sameness and equality. Stratification. Structure. Typification and categories. Social cognitive science. Age. Gender. Race. Socio-economic groups. Estate, caste, class as generic categories. Institutes and norms. Power. Domination. Power in small groups and networks. Power in the society. Interaction rituals and power production. Status and class. Status as rank and lifestyle. Power resources. Economic, human, social capital. Seminar 1. Course Introduction. Topic overview. Seminar routines. Course policies. Lecture 2. Privileges Inequality, discrimination and privileges. Asymmetry of perception of inequality and privileges. White privilege. Male privilege. Residential privilege. Gender inequality in historical perspective. Liberation of women and everyday gender inequality. The pressure on boys. Seminar 2. Individual and Group Inequality. Privileged groups. Experiencing privileges. Unequal gender pressure and privileges. Lecture 3. Inequality is Relational Inequality is relational. Categories, groups, and inequality. Durable inequality (Charles Tilly). Social boundaries and boundary work. Seminar 3. Inequality Regimes. Types of societies, ideal-typical stratification systems. What parts of inequality regimes can be found in modern societies?
- Operationalizing InequalityLecture 4. Operationalizing Inequality Measuring inequality. Socio-economic status scales. Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient. Inequality in different countries. Perception of inequality and stratification. Applying Thomas theorem to inequality. Seminar 4. Inequality is Relational. Categories, bounded categories. Charles Tilly on durable inequality: social configurations and scripts in everyday life.
- Faces and Effects of InequalityLecture 5. Social Structure Dynamics Inequality dynamics in history and at present. Thomas Piketty. Elites: wealth and political power. Concentration of power, societal cohesion and democracy. Digital economy algorithms and inequality. Seminar 5. Socioeconomic Status Scales. Education, income, wealth, professional status. Discrete and continuous measures of status. Constructing composite scales. Lecture 6. Poverty Poverty. Defining poverty. The poor as a category and a group. Extreme forms of poverty and destitution. Poverty traps. Social capital as a poverty trap. Seminar 6. Within-Country Inequality. Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient. Why these measures differ across the world? Lecture 7. Inequality and Health Inequality and health. Health, development and happiness curves depending on income. Status and health. Effects of poverty. Loads, cognitive load. Long-term effects of poverty. Poverty and children development. Seminar 7. Economic Inequality Dynamics. Thomas Piketty on inequality dynamics in history and at present. Elites in Russia and abroad. Lecture 8. Racial Disparity Racial and socio-economic inequality in relation to each other and in dynamics. Changes in American ghetto. Wealth and its effects: wealth vs. income in explaining racial disparity. Seminar 8. Poverty. Absolute, relative, subjective poverty. Urban poverty experiences in the UK, Europe and Russia.
- Social Stratification AnalysisLecture 9. Occupational Class Structure Occupational structure as the basis of stratification analysis. Erikson-Goldthorpe-Portocarrero class scheme. Status structure of modern society. Association models: Warner, Laumann, Goldthorpe. Consumption and stratification analysis in modern societies. Seminar 9. Occupational Class Structure. Defining an individual’s class position. Big classes and microclasses. Lecture 10. Social Mobility Social mobility: individual and generational. Reproduction of inequality. Resources vs. groups. Class reproduction. Education and class. Seminar 10. Stratification Analysis. Income, status, prestige orderings. Macro- and micro-class, socioeconomic status, occupational prestige measures as explanatory variables in empirical research.
- Interim assessment (3 module)0.15 * Home Assignment + 0.15 * In-class Participation + 0.3 * Quiz + 0.4 * Written Exam
- Levine, R., Acker, J., Baca-Zinn, M., Collins, P. H., Cox, O., Davis, K., … Wright, E. O. (2006). Social Class and Stratification : Classic Statements and Theoretical Debates (Vol. 2nd ed). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=634844
- Tilly, C. (1998). Durable Inequality. Berkeley: University of California Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=6819
- Bottero, W. (2005). Stratification : Social Division and Inequality. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=116686
- Romero, M., & Margolis, E. (2005). The Blackwell Companion to Social Inequalities. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=147324