Topics in Linguistics
Байда Кира Александровна
Перехвальская Елена Всеволодовна
- The course offers a survey of a variety of ideas and methods known under the umbrella name of ‘cognitive linguistics’, that have developed in the last two decades as an alternative to formal models of language.
- The students are supposed to receive a substantial knowledge, based on reading and discussion of primary scholarly works, of general methodological foundations of modern cognitive linguistics.
- The students should acquire a certain facility in dealing with seminal ideas of this theoretical trend, such as frame semantics, construction grammar, the theory of the cognitive metaphor, and studies of semantics prototypes.
- Origins of cognitive linguisticsCognitive linguistics and other cognitive sciences; formal, functional and cognitive linguistics
- Grammar and cognitionTalmy, cognitive representations
- Usage-based model of grammarLanguage as a human behavior; language acquisition; language as a complex adaptive system
- Frame semanticsFrame. Fillmore, case grammar
- Construction grammarFillmore et al., construction as an element of the grammar. Fillmore, Langacker, Construction grammar vs. Cognitive grammar
- Conceptual metaphorLacoff&Johnson, metaphor as a cognitive mechanism. Fauconnier, conceptual blending
- Prototype theoryRosch, Berlin&Kay, prototype, basic level categories. Prototype formation in psychology and psychiatry, cultural anthropology.
- Typology and cognitive linguisticsCorbett, universals, future of cognitive linguistics. Project works presentation.
- MidtermClassroom writing. You should not use sources of information
- ExamAnswer the following three questions; I expect your answers be approximately of 2 pp. length for each question on the average, although they can be somewhat longer or shorter if you need it; what is relevant is the content and coherence of your analyses. Don’t try to cover all the points potentially involved in the issues; concentrate on some focal points, and try to present them thoroughly and systematically. Feel free to use any support reading materials and consult with data sources.
- Dąbrowska, E., & Divjak, D. (2015). Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=1000461
- Tomasello, M. (2014). A Natural History of Human Thinking. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=660118
- Bybee, J. L. (2007). Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=191562
- Croft, W. (2001). Radical Construction Grammar : Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=273566